The decision to transport your Spain shipments by sea freight makes sense for a variety of reasons.
Spain Shipments by sea freight is cheaper.
Shipping by seas costs 10 times less than shipping by air. If you have a large quantity of goods to transport and time is not an important consideration, shipping by sea is a good choice. After arriving at the destination port, the goods can remain in the container for further transport by rail or truck. When you have less than a container load, it may be cost effective to work with a freight forwarder who can consolidate shipments.
On the other hand, there are some contraindications to choosing deliveries,for Spain shipments by sea freight.
Sea transport takes more time than other modes, routes and timetables are usually fixed and adverse weather conditions will impact travel. It is also more difficult to track the shipment’s progress.
Transit times for Spain shipments by sea freight is higher than other ways.
Costs for Spain shipments by sea freight is lower than other ways.
There are additional costs from overland transport to the final destination, imposition of duties and taxes at port and possible fuel and currency surcharges.
Either a Sea Waybill or Bill of Lading, spelling out who owns the consignment and the terms of the contract of carriage, is a required document for ocean freight. A Bill of Lading which maintains your ownership of the goods until you discharge them to the customer is advised when shipping to a new customer. Unless you are familiar with the customer’s credit history, it is risky to release the goods before receiving full payment. The Bill of Lading provides documentary security and additional control.
The less costly option, the Sea Waybill, should only be used when you are familiar with or have an established relationship with your customer. This is one thing you have to consider with your Spain shipments by sea freight or other origins / destination.
When shipping hazardous goods, a dangerous goods declaration is also required.
Limited insurance coverage under maritime transport conventions is automatically applied. Additional coverage, such as general cargo insurance is recommended.
Here are some different options for shipping sea freight.
Sea-Freight Conventional Cargo, needing high quality export packaging, is shipped on palettes, in bulk or in boxes. Because it is handled several times and exposed to weather, there is potential for damage and it is less secure. The cargo is conveyed to the shipping company (the carrier) for transport from a named port of shipment to a chosen place of destination and placed in the ship’s hold or on deck.
Sea-Freight Charter ships do not have regular routes and schedules; instead they pick up cargo under a contract with the ship operator. Charter shipping is the lowest cost option per unit of measure or weight and is commonly used for bulk shipments of oil, coal or grain. The charter contract can be conferred for a specific load, for a particular journey or for a stated length of time.
Sea freight may be transported on a Sea-Freight Roll on/Roll off (RO/RO) vessel. Similar to a car ferry, an RO/RO ship has ramps that enable loading from the side, front or rear of the ship. Other designs allow for unloading of containers from the top with a crane. The benefit of an RO/RO vessel is the time saved when loading and unloading. The downside is lower security and susceptibility to damage during loading, unloading and overland transport to destination.